In the UK our drinking water is of the highest standard, at a record level of quality and among the best in the world. We can turn on our taps with the certainty of a safe, clean and refreshing supply.
UK water suppliers place the highest priority on assuring the quality of water provided to their customers. Strict standards for the quality of the public supply are laid down in national regulations derived from the EU Drinking Water Directive (98/83/EC). These standards are based on advice from the World Health Organization (WHO) and are regularly reviewed.
- Latest figures for drinking water quality compliance with the strict UK and European standards are:
England and Wales 99.96%
Northern Ireland 99.78%
Water quality is closely checked and regulated by independent drinking water inspectorates in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
|England & Wales||Drinking Water 2012
Published July 2013
Water UK statement
|Scotland||Drinking Water Quality in Scotland 2012 Published September 2013|
|Northern Ireland||Drinking Water Quality in Northern Ireland 2012
Published September 2013
|EU and WHO standards||EU Drinking Water Directive
WHO guidelines for drinking water quality
Water suppliers have risk assessment and risk management procedures in place to ensure drinking water quality standards are met. These procedures are being developed to work in a more holistic way – focusing on the whole of the water supply chain from source to tap. This concept is called water safety plans (WSPs) and is endorsed by the WHO.
The WSP approach also requires that other stakeholders play their part in assuring water quality. This includes managing the protection of water sources and understanding the roles and responsibilities for assuring water quality in buildings, including households.
Tap water is carefully managed to ensure that it is consistently safe, clean and acceptable to consumers. The greatest concern for water supplies is still the danger of pathogenic micro-organisms that can come from a number of different sources in the environment. Water supplies have a range of barriers (the multiple barrier approach) designed to prevent such contamination.
Water UK publishes detailed briefings and technical backgrounds on water quality assurance and management of specific substances.
Drinking water quality
How the quality of drinking water is assured
Access technical briefing papers here
Drinking Water Inspectorate
England & Wales
Water Safety Plans
WHO Water Safety Plans
Managing drinking water safety from catchment to consumer
EU Drinking Water Directive
Council Directive 98/83/EC
Revision of the Drinking Water Directive
Background and progress
Stakeholder newsMonthly e-news
The View from